Like most of the other plains Indians The Cheyenne migrated on to the great plains from Minnesota.
They were closely allied to the Arapaho and the Sioux.
So the Cheyenne migrated to the plains sometime in the early part of the 18th century into North and South Dakota in and around the Black Hills and the powder river country in what is now Montana.
It was the Cheyenne who introduced the horse to the Lakota around 1730.
Sometime after this period they were pushed further west by the Lakota but before then they themselves along with the Arapaho pushed the Kiowa tribe into the Southern Plains.
The Cheyenne today are split into the Northern and Southern Cheyenne.
They like other plains Indians had Warrior societies within their groups.
The main enemies of the Cheyenne were the Crow, Shoshone, and Blackfeet peoples.
Eventually the Cheyenne allied with the Lakota, Comanche, Kiowa, and the Plain Apache Indians against the U.S Army in the war against Red Cloud the Great Sioux war of 1876.
The Cheyenne managed to survive the Smallpox pandemic of by heading into the Rocky Mountains.
However, they did succumb to the other pandemic of Cholera in 1849.
They also took part in the Battle of The Little Big Horne along with the Sioux and a small no of Arapaho in which General Custer was killed.
Eventually they like all plains Indians they lost the war against the U.S Army and were moved onto reservations.
Today The Northern Cheyenne live on the River Tongue River reservation whist the Southern Cheyenne live in Pars of Oklahoma.
Like all reservations they are full autonomous under their own laws and political organizations within the U.S A.
Famous Cheyenne Chiefs include Black Kettle, Morning Star, Roman nose, Tall bull, Two Moons as well as several others within the Cheyenne nation .
They like all other citizens within the U.S have provided solders for all major conflicts since World War one and Two right up to the present-day including Iraq and Afghanistan.